In China, the Kazakh people mainly live in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. Kazakhs were one of the early pioneers and dealers of the “ Silk Road ”. They speak Kazakh, belonging to the Turkic language of the Altai language family. After the introduction of Islamism, Kazakhs adopted the alphabetic writing based on Arabic letters, and have used it till this day. Most Kazakhs are Muslim while some herdsmen still keep the old traditions of Shamanism. The Kazakhs live as nomads and live in yurts.